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How does the ventriloquist technique work?

To find out, you need to know how the voice is produced!

Have you ever seen any ventriloquial performances? It is amazing! Ventriloquist’s skill makes us believe that the doll is talking! This technique is so convincing that during the Middle Ages the activity was considered a kind of witchcraft!

Although it sounds magical, ventriloquy is simply the art of projecting the voice without moving the lips. So it seems that the sound doesn’t come from the speaker, but from somewhere else – usually from a puppet that moves its mouth like a puppet, which confuses us.

How does the ventriloquist technique work

To understand how this happens, we need to know how the voice is produced: it is a mixture of the vibration of our vocal cords with the control of air in and out of our lungs.

The more we move our mouths to speak, the clearer the sound of our speech. This is where the ventriloquist’s secret lies: They develop, from training, the technique of speaking without moving their lips.

The lips are closed or discreetly separated, but the tongue and roof of the mouth do the work, making up for this lack of movement. The voice that is produced, however, is affected, that is, it comes out different from the normal voice of the ventriloquist, which makes it seem even more that this voice belongs to the doll!

Try it: relax your lips, slightly parting them, make a thinner voice and just speak by moving your tongue. Go to the mirror and train … Maybe you discover new talent?

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What is the ventriloquist trick?

To “project” his voice on an articulated doll, the artist needs a lot of vocal technique and a good script

To make a doll “speak”, the ventriloquist needs to move it in sync with his voice, issued without moving his lips. Neuroscience explains how the viewer is deceived: when the sound and movements of the puppet’s mouth happen at the same time, the tendency is to unconsciously associate them – the same happens when we watch TV and find that the sound comes from the lips of the person in the room. not the speakers.

What is the ventriloquist trick

The practice of ventriloquism is believed to have started around 300 BC in ancient Greece, used by oracles to simulate the voice of the gods. In the Middle Ages, the technique was associated with witchcraft and, in the 16th century, began to appear in magic shows. Only at the end of the 19th century did it gain its current format, with puppets amusing the audience with stories and jokes.

Some ventriloquists make the doll’s voice while pretending to drink water. The trick is done with a special glass, used in magic numbers.

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The history of Puppet Theater

The history of Puppet Theater is as ancient as that of traditional theater itself. This art is already present among the primitives who, dazzled by their silhouettes on the cave walls, designed the shadow theater, perhaps aiming to entertain their children. Since then Man has no longer stopped his creative impulse. The clay-molded dolls, without joints, appear, to later appear the first examples with the union of head and limbs.

what is puppet theaters

Puppet Theater was born a long time ago in the East, especially in China, India, Java, and Indonesia. There he gained spiritual status and was treated with much reverence. The Orientals considered these dolls to be true gods, endowed with mediumistic and fantastic resources. They were created to such perfection that they became identical to living beings, often actually inspired by real characters.

This art landed in Europe through the merchants, soon spreading across the continent. Among the Greeks, they were carriers of such boldness, which were often used as tools for mocking Christianity. The Romans inherited this cultural element and greatly contributed to its enhancement and consequent dissemination.

In the Western universe, unlike the East, one sees human reason trying to dialogue with the sacred in a rudimentary way. In the medieval era, this art was the target of religious intolerance, as it was used at this time as a means of evangelizing people. It was usually displayed during free markets in the Burgos.

what is puppet theaters

In American lands, the Puppet Theater arrived at the hands of the colonizers, in the mid-16th century, in the era of great discoveries. In this way, this cultural movement arrived in Brazil, once again as an instrument of religious indoctrination. He consolidated himself in the Northeast, settling especially in Pernambuco, being baptized in Paraíba as Babau. Through this art, artists can convey to the public their message impregnated with social themes.

The doll’s grace lies in its association of movement and sound, which enchants and seduces mainly the children. Puppet Theater is always closely linked to the historical, cultural, social, political, economic, religious and educational environment. In every corner of the planet, because of its cultural diversity, it is given a distinctive name.

In Italy is Maceus, later replaced by Polichinelo; in Turkey, the Karagoz; in Greece, the Atalanas; in Germany, the Kasper; in Russia, the Petruska; in Java, the Wayang; in Spain, the Cristovam; in England, the Punch; in France, the Guinhol; in the United States, Mupptes; and in Brazil, the Mamulengo.

The Puppet Theater comes into existence through the movement of the hands of the actor who manipulates it, narrates the stories and transcends reality, metamorphosing the real in moments of magic and seduction. But it also has a high educational potential and can become a powerful instrument in the hands of a good educator.

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What is puppet theaters

Puppet theater is the term in theater for the puppet, puppet or manipulation dolls, especially those where the stage, curtains, sets, and other proper characters are constructed especially for the presentation.

what is puppet theaters

Story Of Puppet Theaters

Puppet theater is an ancient form of artistic expression that originated about three thousand years ago. Since then, dolls have been used to animate and communicate ideas or needs of various human societies.

Some historians argue that its use anticipated the actors in the theater. Evidence shows that they were used in Egypt in 2000 BC using string-operated wooden figures. Articulated cord-controlled ivory and clay dolls have also been found in Egyptian tombs. Hieroglyphics also describe “walking statues” used by the ancient Egyptians in religious plays.

what is puppet theaters

The earliest puppet writings are credited to Xenophon in a record dated 422 BC.

Michel Giacometti, a French ethnic-museologist who settled in Portugal from 1959, made an important collection of ethnographic data on puppet theater.

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How to make plush puppets

Making plush puppets instead of buying them is not only much fun but much cheaper, and the result is usually prettier. This design is suitable for both advanced and beginner seamstresses or even adult-supervised children.

Steps ( How to make plush puppets )

1. Take the fabric you have available and spread it upside down to get an idea of ​​how big your new friend might be. Fold the fabric in half (inside out) and smooth it out with your hands so that it has no wrinkles.

How to make plush puppets

2. Choose the picture you want to make and draw it. This is one of the most creative parts of the project. You can choose the pet you want or even invent one that doesn’t exist yet. Draw it on the fabric with chalk or charcoal pencil, while leaving room for the seams. See the figures in the respective section.

How to make plush puppets

3. Start sewing your new toy with a similar color line to the fabric, leaving an opening for the right side to turn. You should reinforce the seams at the stressed joints if you are giving the plush to a small child.

How to make plush puppets

4. Turn on the right side and fill with leftover wool or threads and cotton. Use a sharp pencil or pen with a cap to push the filler into difficult places, such as the legs.

How to make plush puppets

5. Close your new friend. To make the stitches invisible, turn the leftover fabric inward and sew around the needle in that fabric so that when you pull it, the fabric comes together and the thread is not visible.

How to make plush puppets

6. Decorate it. This is the time to embroider a pair of eyes or a belly of a contrasting color. Don’t forget the main features of your doll.

How to make plush puppets

For example, you must embroider mustaches on a cat or rabbit, but not on a dog, baby, or monkey. Pay special attention to the age of the toy receiver. For younger people, it is safer to restrict yourself to embroidered decorations. For older children, the options increase and you can add beads and glued decorations when you think they are big enough not to have loose pieces in your mouth.

Figures

1.Rabbit: the ears, the mustache, the teeth and, if possible, the pompom in the arabesque are important. Optionally, you can decide whether or not to put arms, legs or belly in another color.

How to make plush puppets

2.Baby: Color, body shape (with arms and legs) are important and special care must be taken when embroidering the face. Also, make small clothes (see articles on how to make clothes and make them smaller).

How to make plush puppets

3. Monkey: To the basic shape of the stuffed animal, add the long tail and embroider the muzzle in a contrasting color.

How to make plush puppets

4.Cat: body shape and paw positioning should be different. It is important to make a long tail, pointed ears and mustaches. Add a ribbon to simulate a collar.

How to make plush puppets

Warnings

  • Use a thimble. All precautions inherent in the sewing and handling of sharp instruments (scissors) apply.
  • Keep the needle always very close to the project. If it moves away, even for a few seconds, stick it in the project. An abandoned needle on a sofa can be dangerous.